Các cấu trúc ngữ pháp hay gặp trong IELTS (part 1)(Thầy Anh)
1. it is…(tính từ) + to verb
It is difficult to cook for me
2. There is/are + danh từ
There was/ were + danh từ
There has been…. (Hiện tại hoàn thành)
VD: There has been a new building in my hometown.
(truyện cổ tích hay có câu)
There lived a poor man in a village. (it dung)
3. as……as ( so sánh bằng )
- Tính từ
S + to be+ as+ tính từ+ as
The sales of Company A is as high as that of Company B
Not as + tinh từ + as ( phủ định)
Note: Diễn đạt gấp mấy lần
twice as +tinh tu + as (gấp 2)
Three times as + tinh tu +as (gấp 3)
Tương tự cho gấp 4, 5….
The population of India is ten times as high as that of Vietnam
- Trạng từ
Verb + as adv + as
The house prices increased as quickly as the previous year
4. So ….that
So + tinh từ + that ( quá…đến nỗi)
The door is so narrow that I cannot go through
So+ trạng từ + that
He runs so fast that I can not catch him.
Fast: tinh tu, trang tu
the economy of Vietnam has developed so rapidly that foreigners are amazed/surprised
5. Such … that
Such + cụm danh từ (tinh tu + danh tu) that ( quá …đến nỗi)
New York is such_a vibrant city that I would like to visit.
Note: không nhất thiết phải dùng such… that
New York is such_a vibrant city
New York is so vibrant
The restaurant is so (very) cozy and luxurious.
6. so that
So that + mệnh đề ( đưa ra mục đích)
The government should invest more in education so that all children can go to school.
7. Các cụm từ chỉ mục đích khác
to, in order to + V nguyên thể
I am trying to study hard to get scholarship
-> I am trying to study hard so that I can get scholarship