Category Archives: vocabulary

Vocabulary: crime

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Cách diễn tả bị đi tù và hình phạt

Đi tù (prison)
Behind bar (inform.)
Go to the jail (inform.)
Go to the prison (form.)
Put into prison

Hình phạt (sentence)

He was sentenced  to 20 years in prison for human trafficking (buôn người)
Sentence (v): to be put into prison
The Criminal was penalized 10 years
Penalize: phạt

The Offender was  sentenced to life
Charge: buộc tội 
She was charged 30 years for first-degree murder
Sentence to life: Chung thân
Sentence to death: tử hình
Capital punishment: tử hình

Capital punishment is illegal in some states in America.

Các cụm từ chỉ trình tự (sequential words for ielts)

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Thầy Anh IELTS 

Các cụm từ chỉ trình tự (sequence)  hay dùng trong IELTS (cả writing và speaking) 

Initially: firstly 

on top of that: firstly 

what’s more: next 

subsequently: next 

after that: next 

after which: next 

At this point: next 

And then: next

Then: next 

Following this: next 

Last but not least: finally

In the end: finally 

Từ vựng chủ đề covid-19

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As Coronavirus (officially called COVID-19) continues to dominate the news, I thought it might be useful to look at some of the language we use to talk about it. Regular readers will know my obsession with collocations (word partners), and there are lots of good ones in this topic, most of which can be applied to other diseases too.

The first is that people contract a virus (= get it). When a disease passes very easily from one person to another, as this one does, we say that it is extremely infectious or highly contagious. People that have it and may pass it to others are known as carriers. Some people seem to be more infectious (= pass on the disease more) than others, and these people are known as super-spreaders.

The first person to get a new disease is known as patient zero. When a patient has signs that they are ill, we say that they show/display symptoms, in this case a fever (= high temperature), cough and respiratory difficulty (= problems with breathing). The period between catching the illness and showing symptoms is the incubation period.

We use the word cases to refer to people who have a disease, e.g. There have been several cases of COVID-19 in the UK. When doctors have done tests and are sure that people have it, we call them confirmed or diagnosed cases. If doctors find that someone has the disease, we say that they test positive for it. If there is an unusually high number, we say that there is a spike in cases, whereas if numbers seem as though they are continuing to fall, we say that they have peaked.

We often talk about the mortality rate of a disease to say what proportion of people die from it. The death toll is the number of people who have died. The start of a disease is called the outbreak. At the time of writing this post, COVID-19 hasn’t been classified as a pandemic (= a disease that has spread all over the world), but it has the potential to become one.

Governments have to decide how to control/contain the spread of the virus. Towns and cities may be put/placed on/in lockdown so that nobody can enter or leave them, countries may close their borders (= stop letting people from other countries in) and airlines sometimes suspend flights (= stop flying) to certain places.

People who may have the disease are often put/placed in quarantine (= made to stay somewhere away from other people). Passengers returning from an area with coronavirus may be asked to self-quarantine (= stay away from other people voluntarily). Despite the fact that most experts don’t think they are effective, some countries have seen huge queues for face masks (= covers for your mouth and nose). Meanwhile, scientists are racing to develop a vaccine (= make medicine that will stop people getting the virus).

By Liz walter

Từ vựng về sự thay đổi: ielts vocabulary for change

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Điền các từ trong bảng vào “show more”

adapt adjust alter cure
demote disappear dissolve exchange
expand fade increase promote
reduce renew renovate replace
swell switch transform vary

.a) We need to

these cars so disabled people can drive them.
1.b) The country found it hard to
to the new government.

2.a) If the trousers are too tight, take them back to the shop and ask them to

2.b) He found it hard to
to living in a tropical country.

3.a) You must

transform t
he voltage or the system will blow up.
3.b) He decided to
his appearance by having plastic surgery.

4.a) Our bills will be less if we

from gas to electricity.
4.b) They had to
switch f
lights at Heathrow Airport.

5.a) You can’t

the terms of the contract once it has been signed.
5.b) He wants to
his appearance.

6.a) It will help your digestion if you

your diet.
6.b) Prices of flats
from a few thousand to millions of pounds.

7.a) We need to

our pounds for dollars.
7.b) You can usually
goods which are faulty if you show the receipt.

8.a) We have had to

our sales force to cope with the extra demand.
8.b) Water will
when it is frozen.

9.a) The price of oil will

next year.
9.b) Most bosses refuse to
salaries when they are asked.

10.a) The management decided to

the company and sell the offices.
the sugar in boiling water.

11.a) More and more people are moving to cities to

the population there.
11.b) The wasp sting caused his leg to
swell u

12.a) The market for typewriters will probably

completely in the next few years.
12.b) The police are baffled by the increasing number of people who
each year.

13.a) The old contract ran out and we had to r

enew i
13.b) Many people argue that it’s futile to
old hostilities.

14.a) They have received funds to

the old buildings.
14.b) We need to
the central heating as it is old and worn out.

15.a) The boss offered to

him from salesman to manager.
15.b) Our main aim is to
promote t
ourism in the country.

16.a) They wanted to

me from manager to salesperson.
16.b) If we
you, you will lose a large part of your salary.

17.a) If you wash it too much, the colour will f

17.b) We watched the islands
away into the distance.

18.a) The company decided to

the permanent staff with freelancers.
18.b) You must
the books on the shelf when you have finished with them.

19.a) The doctors were unable to

her the illness.
meat in salt water for between three and five days.

20.a) Governments are trying to

20.b) The best way to save money is to
the number of staff.