Tag Archives: luyện thi ielts thay anh

Cấu trúc hay dùng trong bài task 1

Cấu trúc hay dùng trong bài task 1(topic: Coronavirus)

As, while, although +Clause 1, Clause 2

While the number of Corona infected cases in Korea increased dramatically, that of Vietnam decreased gradually

Clause, Followed by + Phrase

The number of Coronavirus cases in Vietnam fell in february, followed by a quick growth in March

 Clause, before (prior to) + V-ing + number

The amount of money lost on  Coronavirus declined drastically to 100 million dollars in June, before reaching to 200 million dollars in July

 Clause + compared to + Phrase

The number of patients who recovered from Coronavirus outbreak increased to 3000 in January, compared to 5000 in March

Clause, making it + Superlative

The number of Corona Cases in China was 70000 in March, making it the highest one in the year

Từ vựng chủ đề covid-19

As Coronavirus (officially called COVID-19) continues to dominate the news, I thought it might be useful to look at some of the language we use to talk about it. Regular readers will know my obsession with collocations (word partners), and there are lots of good ones in this topic, most of which can be applied to other diseases too.

The first is that people contract a virus (= get it). When a disease passes very easily from one person to another, as this one does, we say that it is extremely infectious or highly contagious. People that have it and may pass it to others are known as carriers. Some people seem to be more infectious (= pass on the disease more) than others, and these people are known as super-spreaders.

The first person to get a new disease is known as patient zero. When a patient has signs that they are ill, we say that they show/display symptoms, in this case a fever (= high temperature), cough and respiratory difficulty (= problems with breathing). The period between catching the illness and showing symptoms is the incubation period.

We use the word cases to refer to people who have a disease, e.g. There have been several cases of COVID-19 in the UK. When doctors have done tests and are sure that people have it, we call them confirmed or diagnosed cases. If doctors find that someone has the disease, we say that they test positive for it. If there is an unusually high number, we say that there is a spike in cases, whereas if numbers seem as though they are continuing to fall, we say that they have peaked.

We often talk about the mortality rate of a disease to say what proportion of people die from it. The death toll is the number of people who have died. The start of a disease is called the outbreak. At the time of writing this post, COVID-19 hasn’t been classified as a pandemic (= a disease that has spread all over the world), but it has the potential to become one.

Governments have to decide how to control/contain the spread of the virus. Towns and cities may be put/placed on/in lockdown so that nobody can enter or leave them, countries may close their borders (= stop letting people from other countries in) and airlines sometimes suspend flights (= stop flying) to certain places.

People who may have the disease are often put/placed in quarantine (= made to stay somewhere away from other people). Passengers returning from an area with coronavirus may be asked to self-quarantine (= stay away from other people voluntarily). Despite the fact that most experts don’t think they are effective, some countries have seen huge queues for face masks (= covers for your mouth and nose). Meanwhile, scientists are racing to develop a vaccine (= make medicine that will stop people getting the virus).

By Liz walter

bài viết task 1: #1 (pie chart)

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The three pie charts below show the changes in annual spending by local authorities in Someland in 1980, 1990 and 2000.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

Write at least 150 words.

saw a fall        

45%          

9%    

rose dramatically           

  10%             

40%

Model answer

The charts show how much local authorities spent on a range of services in Someland in three separate years: 1980, 1990 and 2000.

In all three years, the greatest expenditure was on education. But while K-12 education

saw a fall
from 25% in 1980 to only 18% of spending in 2000, higher education remained the largest proportion, reaching
45%
of total spending in 1990 and ending at
40%
in 2000.

Expenditure on health and human resources had increased to 20% by 1990 before decreasing to only
10%
by the end of the period. In contrast, the share of transportation saw an opposite trend. This cost decreased to only 6% of total expenditure in 1990 but
rose dramatically
in 2000 when it represented 22% of the total budget. Similarly, the cost of environmental services saw a rising trend, growing from only 4% to
9%
by 2000.

Overall, higher education constituted the largest cost to local authorities, and while spending increased for transportation and environmental services, there were corresponding drops in expenditure on health and human resources and K-12 education.

(178 words)